Golf has a very different scoring system to most other sports. In golf your objective is to obtain the lowest score, which will indicate the winner of the round. The score is based on the number of strokes you use to get the ball from the tee-box to the hole.
With the many different courses around the world, players can expect different scores for each hole. Each individual whole works with for a Par value, which will indicate the number of stores a pro golfer should require to complete the hole. The lowest Par you will find on any golf course is 3, which means the golfer as 3 strokes to get the ball from the tee to the hole. This allows the golfer to use one straight for the drive and another two for putting. Par has been carefully calculated for each hole, which will make it realistic and reachable. For example, a hole with a curved fairway will be near impossible to complete with three strokes. Par will usually include the number of strokes required to get onto the green and another two for putting.
How to Make Par
Taking a Par -4 hole for example; this will allow you to use one stroke from the tee-box, which is known as the drive and get it to a position in the fairway from which you can use another stroke to get onto the green, which is called the approach. Once you have reached the green, another 2 strokes will be available to get the ball into the hole and make Par. Getting the ball on to the green with a remaining two strokes is called a GIR (green in regular). Should a player not make GIR, it doesn’t mean Par cannot be reached. However, with fewer strokes available for putting, Par would be much more difficult to reach. Professional golfers usually make GIR around 60% to 70%.
This is why golf requires incredible accuracy and planning from the very first stroke. Golf also requires concentration and precision, which can only be obtained over time.
How Par works
The classification for Par for a relatively straightforward hole is distance. A standard Par-3 hole would be less than 250 yards from the tee-box to the actual hole. Par-4 is below 475 yards, a Par-5 is over 475 yards and on a rare occasion a Par-6 will go well over 650 yards. On a straightforward hole Par is determined by how many strokes a player would require to reach the green. An average regular golfer can typically drive 240 to 280 yards from the tee-box. If an average player will require more strokes to reach the green, an additional Par will be added, which will increase the total Par for the whole. A Par-5 typically allows 3 strokes to get to the green and an additional 2 to reach the hole.
A ball played from the fairway will not have the ability to travel the same distance as a ball off a tee. This is because of the possible ground conditions, direction and other factors that may be presented at the current hole. The Par will be based on all these factors, which is why you get some holes that provide a Par-7 or higher. These are usually very complicated plays that require multiple strokes to the green and provide difficult conditions.